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OCTG

TUSPIPE-TUBING-CASING-OCTG-API-5CT-N80

OCTG

OCTG, or oil country tubular goods, refers to a variety of steel products that are used in the drilling and extraction of oil and gas. The API 5CT standard covers a wide range of OCTG products, including tubing, casing, and couplings. OCTG products are essential for the safe and efficient operation of oil and gas wells. The API 5CT standard helps to ensure that OCTG products meet the highest standards of quality and safety. It includes requirements for material quality, dimensions, strength, threading, and testing. The API 5CT standard is an important part of the oil and gas industry, and it helps to ensure that OCTG products are safe for use in petroleum operations.

Why Choose TUSPIPE?

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Since 1998, Tianjin United Steel Pipe Co., Ltd (TUSPIPE) has been committed to supplying high-quality line pipes.

With over 500,000 tons annual production capacity, the company serves various fields and industries, such as oil & gas exploitation and transmission, ship & auto-building, water & electricity, environmental protection, mechanical engineering, infrastructure construction and etc.

TUSPIPE places a premium on product quality and rigorous product quality control. In order to maintain good product quality,  the company has established a Test & Inspection Center since 2004. With a series of state-of-the-art tests and inspection equipment, the test & inspection center is able to perform the tensile tests, hydro tests, impact tests, DWTT, etc.

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Types of OCTG (Drill Pipe, Casing and Tubing)

OCTG stands for oil country tubular goods. It is a family of rolled metal products that are utilized in oil and gas drilling and production operations. The term OCTG encompasses a wide range of products, including drill pipe, casing, and tubing. These products are used to connect the wellhead to the downhole equipment, allowing oil and gas to be extracted from the ground. OCTG is a critical component of the oil and gas industry, and its products are essential for safe and efficient drilling operations.

Drill Pipe

Drill Pipe is a type of pipe that is used in oil and gas wells. It is made up of several different parts, including the kelly, the bit, the drill string, and the casing. The kelly is the part of the drill pipe that is attached to the rig, and it helps to rotate the drill string. The bit is the part of the drill pipe that drills into the rock, and it is usually made of steel or tungsten. The drill string is the part of the drill pipe that extends from the kelly to the bit, and it helps to provide support for the bit as it drills. The casing is the final part of the drill pipe, and it helps to protect the wellbore from collapse. All of these parts work together to help oil and gas wells function properly.

Casing Pipe

Casing and tubing are both used in the process of drilling for petroleum. The casing is placed before drilling begins and surrounds the wellbore. Its purpose is to protect the soil layers and groundwater from contamination by drilling mud and/or frac fluids. Additionally, the casing stabilizes the wellbore. Drilling and casing operations alternate – the drill string is removed at predetermined intervals and the wellbore is lined and cemented with casing.

Tubing

Tubing is used to carry petroleum from the well’s depths to the surface. This is the third phase of the wellbore process. Oil and gas occasionally self-elevate to the surface; however, pumps are typically required to bring the fluids to the surface. Besides the 4 1/2-inch diameter, tubing is normally smaller in diameter than the casing. Consequently, the tubing must be affixed to external support structures, such as a rig or platform, to prevent collapse due to pressure differentials.

Types of OCTG Connections

Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG) are pipes used in the oil and gas industry to transport crude oil, natural gas, and other fluids. They come in different sizes and grades, and each length of pipe has a specific use. OCTG connections are what join these pieces of pipe together to form a network that can transport oil and gas from one location to another. 

API connections are the most commonly used type of connection in the oil and gas industry. They meet or exceed all American Petroleum Institute (API) specifications. API proposes two types of coupling: Non-Upset coupling (NU) and External Upset coupling (EU). NU connections are used for joining two pipes of the same diameter, while EU connections are used for joining two pipes of different diameters.

Premium connections are proprietary connections that offer premium features not available on API connections. Most premium connections offer a metal-to-metal seal for improved high-pressure seal integrity. Premium connections exist with features such as flush connections, recess-free bores, and special clearance. This type of connection is preferred for gas wells, high-pressure wells, as well as for wells producing corrosive effluents.

In addition, OCTG threading is a process that creates grooves on the body and end of casing pipes. These grooves form a seal when the pipe is connected to another piece of equipment or piping. The threads are typically Leak–proof, strong, and durable enough to withstand the distribution network for oil and gas. There are three different types of OCTG threading, each with specific benefits: Short round thread casing (STC), long round thread casing (LTC), and buttress thread casing (BTC).

STC is a good choice for shorter-length casing applications that do not involve high axial loads or bending. LTC is well suited for situations where some axial load is encountered but overall well conditions do not include extremes of temperature or pressure. BTC is an excellent connection for use in well situations involving higher axial loads and moderate internal pressures and temperatures. STC and LTC both feature a non–runout design of round threads, each with eight round crested threads per inch. BTC has a square thread with a flat root and crest, a runout design, and five buttress threads per inch.

Each type of OCTG threading has benefits that make it ideal for certain applications. When selecting the best type of threading for your project, be sure to consider the well conditions and the type of equipment that will be used.

Production Standards of OCTG

API 5CT is the American Petroleum Institute’s specification for oil and gaswell casing and tubing. The specification covers coupling, threading, dimensions and other mechanical properties for oil and gas industry products like casing and tubing. API 5CT is the most common standard used in oil and gas industry applications. The specification covers several grades of steel, including J55, K55, N80, L80 and P110. Coupling is a threaded connection used to join oil and gas well casing or tubing. Threading refers to the process of cuttinng threads into the end of a pipe or coupling. Dimensions vary depending on the type of casing or tubing being used. American Petroleum Institute standards are voluntary consensus standards that are not mandated by law. However, oil and gas companies often require that products used in their operations meet API standards.

API 5CT tubing and casing steel pipe manufacture certificate

Dimensions and Sizes of OCTG (Tubing and Casing)

- Specification & Size of Tubing

DNO. D.WeightW. T.End Processing
Non-upset coupling-threadUpset coupling-threadSteel Grade
inmmlb./ft.lb./ft.inmmH40J55L80N80C90T95P110
2 3/82.3860.340.1674.24PUPNPNPNPNPN
4.64.70.194.83PNUPNUPNUPNUPNUPNUPNU
5.85.950.2546.45PNUPNUPNUPNUPNU
6.60.2957.49PPP
7.357.450.3368.53PUPUPU
2 7/82.88736.46.50.2175.51PNUPNU
7.87.90.2767.01
8.68.70.3087.82PLBPLBPLBEPLB
9.359.450.348.64PLBPLBPLBEPLB
10.50.3929.96PLBPLBPLBPLB
11.50.4411.18PLB 
3 1/23.588.97.70.2165.49PNPNPNPNPNPN
9.29.30.2546.45PNUPNUPNUPNUPNUPNUPNU
10.20.2897.34PNPNPNPNPNPN
12.712.950.3759.52PNUPNUPNUPNUPNU
14.30.4310.92PPP
15.50.47612.09PPP
170.5313.46PPP
441029.50.2265.74PNPNPNPNPNPN
110.2626.65PUPUPUPUPUPU
13.20.338.38PPP
16.10.41510.54PPP
18.90.512.7PPP
22.20.6115.49PPP
4 1/24.511412.612.750.2716.88PNUPNUPNUPNUPNUPNU
15.20.3378.56PPP
170.389.65PPP
18.90.4310.92PPPPLB
21.50.512.7PPPPLB
23.70.5614.22PPPPLB
26.10.6316PPPPLB
P——Plain;N—— Non-upset coupling-thread;U—— Upset coupling-thread; L——Integral

- Specification & Size of Casing Pipe

DNO. D.WeightW. T. End Machining Form
 Steel Grade
inmmlb/ftkg/minmmH40J55L80N80C90P110
K55T95
4 1/24.500114.39.514.140.2055.21PSPS
10.515.630.2245.69PSB
11.617.260.2506.35PSLBPLBPLBPLBPLB
13.520.090.2907.37PLBPLBPLBPLB
15.122.470.3379.56PLB
55.00012711.517.110.2205.59PS
1319.350.2536.43PSLB
1522.320.2967.52PSLBPLBPLBPLBEPLB
1826.790.3629.19PLBPLBPLBEPLB
21.431.850.43711.1PLBPLBPLBPLB
23.234.530.47812.14PLB
24.135.860.50012.7PLB
5 1/25.500139.71420.830.2446.2PSPS
15.523.070.2756.98PSLB
1725.30.3047.72PSLBPLBPLBPLBEPLB
2029.760.3619.17PLBPLBPLBEPLB
2334.230.41510.54PLBPLBPLBEPLB
26.839.880.50012.7
29.744.20.56214.27
32.648.510.62515.88
35.352.530.68717.45
3856.550.75019.05
40.560.270.81220.62
43.164.140.87522.22
6 5/86.625168.282029.760.2887.32PSPSLB
2435.720.3528.94PSLBPLBPLBPLBEPLB
2841.670.41710.59PLBPLBPLBEPLB
3247.620.47512.06PLBPLBPLBEPLB
77.000177.81725.30.2315.87PS
2029.760.2726.91PSPS
2334.230.3178.05PSLBPLBPLBPLBE
2638.690.3629.19PSLBPLBPLBPLBEPLB
2943.160.40810.36PLBPLBPLBEPLB
3247.620.45311.51PLBPLBPLBEPLB
3552.090.49812.65PLBPLBPLBEPLB
3856.550.54013.72PLBPLBPLBEPLB
42.763.540.62515.88
46.469.050.68717.45
50.174.560.75019.05
53.679.770.81220.62
57.184.970.87522.22
7 5/87.625193.682435.720.3007.62PS
26.439.290.3288.33PSLBPLBPLBPLBEPLB
29.744.20.3759.52PLBPLBPLBEPLB
33.750.150.43010.92PLBPLBPLBEPLB
3958.050.50012.7PLBPLBPLBEPLB
42.863.690.56214.27PLBPLBPLBPLB
45.367.410.59515.11PLBPLBPLBPLB
47.170.090.62515.88PLBPLBPLBPLB
51.276.190.68717.45
55.380.30.75019.05
8 5/88.625219.082435.720.2646.71PS
2841.620.3047.72PS
3247.620.3528.94PSPSLB
3653.570.40010.16PSLBPLBPLBPLBEPLB
4059.530.45011.43PLBPLBPLBEPLB
4465.480.50012.7PLBPLBPLBEPLB
4972.920.55714.15PLBPLBPLBEPLB
9 5/89.625244.4832.348.070.3127.92PS
3653.570.3528.94PSPSLB
4059.530.39510.03PSLBPLBPLBPLBE
43.564.730.43511.05PLBPLBPLBEPLB
4769.940.47211.99PLBPLBPLBEPLB
53.579.620.54513.84PLBPLBPLBEPLB
58.486.910.59515.11PLBPLBPLBPLB
59.488.40.60915.47
64.996.580.67217.07
70.3104.620.73418.64
75.6112.50.79720.24
10 3/410.750273.0532.7548.740.2797.09PS
40.560.270.3508.89PSPSB
15.567.710.40010.16PSB
5175.90.45011.43PSBPSBPSBPSBEPSB
55.582.590.49512.57PSBPSBPSBEPSB
60.790.330.54513.84PSBEPSB
65.797.770.59515.11PSBPSB
73.2108.930.67217.07
79.2117.860.73418.64
85.3126.940.79720.24
11 3/411.750 4262.50.3338.46PS
4769.940.37520.24
5480.360.4358.46
6089.290.4899.53
6596.730.53411.05
71105.660.58214.42
13 3/813.375339.734871.430.3308.38PS
54.581.10.3809.65PSB
6190.780.43010.92PSB
68101.190.48012.19PSBPSBPSBPSBPSB
72107.150.51413.06PSBPSBPSBPSB
1616.000406.46596.730.3759.53PS
75111.610.43811.13PSB
84125.010.49512.57PSB
109162.210.65616.66PPPP
18 5/818.625473.0887.5130.210.43511.05PSPSB
2020.00050894139.890.43811.13PSLPSLB
106.5158.490.50012.7PSLB
133197.930.63516.13PSLB
P——Plain;S——Short-thread;L——Long-thread;B——Buttress thread;E——Extreme thread

Chemical Composition of OCTG (Tubing and Casing)

API-5CT-OCTG-CHEMICAL-COMPOSITION-OF-OCTG-(TUBING-AND-CASING)

Mechanical Properties of OCTG (Tubing and Casing)

API-5CT-OCTG-MECHANICAL-PROPERTIES-OF-OCTG-TUBING-AND-CASING

OCTG for Sand Control - Slotted Liner

Slotted liner is a well screening device that is used for sand control and fluid retention in petroleum wells. It consists of a series of slotted holes that are drilled into the well screen to allow fluid to flow through while retaining sand and other particulate matter. Slotted liner is an effective way to improve well productivity and prevent formation damage. It is also a cost-effective alternative to traditional well screens. Slotted liner can be used in both new and existing wells, and it is available in a variety of materials and configurations.

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