API 5L X52

API 5L X52

API 5L X52 is an API 5L steel grade that specifies the construction of two product levels (PSL1 and PSL2) line pipes. X52 Line Pipe may be produced seamless or welded and is commonly utilized as a pipeline in the transportation of petroleum and natural gas.

API 5L X52 Pipe has a minimum yield strength of 52000 PSI and a minimum ultimate tensile strength of 66000 PSI. Minimum Elongation – 0.16 percent C, 0.45 percent Si, 1.65 percent Mn, 0.02 percent P, 0.01 percent S, 0.07 percent V, 0.05 percent Nb, and 0.04 percent Ti.

API 5L X52 Pipe is available in seamless and welded steel line pipe configurations for pipeline transportation systems in the petroleum and natural gas sectors. API 5L X52 Pipe is ideal for transporting gas, water, and oil.

PRODUCT FEATURES

Application of API 5L X52 Line Pipe

API 5L X52 Welded Pipes have a wide range of applications in the petroleum, oil, petrochemical, and natural gas industries. API 5L X52 Pipe is useful for transferring gas, steam, and liquids such as water and oil between offshore areas and refineries. API 5L gr x52 pipe is used in a range of industries, including heating, chemical processing, water supply systems, plumbing, and power plants.

API 5L X52 Pipe Chemical Composition

- Chemical Composition for API 5L X52 PSL 1 pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

Steel Grade

Mass fraction, % based on heat and product analyses a,g

C

Mn

P

S

V

Nb

Ti

max b

max b

max

max

max

max

max

Welded Pipe

X52

0.26

1.4

0.3

0.3

d

d

d

a. Cu ≤ = 0.50% Ni; ≤ 0.50%; Cr ≤ 0.50%; and Mo ≤ 0.15%,
b. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum concentration for Mn is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades ≥ L245 or B, but ≤ L360 or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52, but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade L485 or X70.,
c. Unless otherwise agreed NB + V ≤ 0.06%,
d. Nb + V + TI ≤ 0.15%,
e. Unless otherwise agreed.,
f. Unless otherwise agreed, NB + V = Ti ≤ 0.15%,
g. No deliberate addition of B is permitted and the residual B ≤ 0.001%

- Chemical Composition for API 5L X52 PSL 2 Pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

Steel Grade

Mass fraction, % based on heat and product analyses

Carbon Equiv a

C

Si

Mn

P

S

V

Nb

Ti

Other

CE IIW

CE Pcm

max b

max

max b

max

max

max

max

max

max

max

Welded Pipe

X52M

0.22

0.45

1.4

0.025

0.015

d

d

d

e,l

0.43

0.25

a. SMLS t>0.787”, CE limits shall be as agreed. The CEIIW limits applied if C > 0.12% and the CEPcm limits apply if C ≤ 0.12%,
b. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for C, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for Mn is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades ≥ L245 or B, but ≤ L360 or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52, but < L485 or X70; up to a maximum of 2.00% for grades ≥ L485 or X70, but ≤ L555 or X80, and up to a maximum of 2.20% for grades > L555 or X80.,
c. Unless otherwise agreed Nb = V ≤ 0.06%,
d. Nb = V = Ti ≤ 0.15%,
e. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50%; Ni ≤ 0.30% Cr ≤ 0.30% and Mo ≤ 0.15%,
f. Unless otherwise agreed,
g. Unless otherwise agreed, Nb + V + Ti ≤ 0.15%,
h. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 0.50% Cr ≤ 0.50% and MO ≤ 0.50%,
i. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 1.00% Cr ≤ 0.50% and MO ≤ 0.50%,
j. B ≤ 0.004%,
k. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 1.00% Cr ≤ 0.55%, and MO ≤ 0.80%,
l. For all PSL 2 pipe grades except those grades with footnotes j noted, the following applies. Unless otherwise agreed no intentional addition of B is permitted and residual B ≤ 0.001%.

API 5L X52 Pipe Mechanical Properties

- Mechanical Properties for API 5L X52 PSL-1 Pipe

Pipe Grade

Tensile Properties – Pipe Body of SMLS and Welded Pipes PSL 1

Seam of Welded Pipe

Yield Strength a

Tensile Strength a

Elongation

Tensile Strength b

Rt0,5 PSI Min

Rm PSI Min

(in 2in Af % min)

Rm PSI Min

X52

52,200

66,700

c

66,700

a. For intermediate grade, the difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield for the pipe body shall be as given for the next higher grade.
b. For the intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld seam shall be the same as determined for the body using footnote a.
c. The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be determined using the following equation:
Where C is 1 940 for calculation using Si units and 625 000 for calculation using USC units
Axc   is the applicable tensile test piece cross-sectional area, expressed in square millimeters (square inches), as follows
– For circular cross-section test pieces, 130mm2 (0.20 in2) for 12.7 mm (0.500 in) and 8.9 mm (.350 in) diameter test pieces; and 65 mm2 (0.10 in2) for 6.4 mm (0.250in) diameter test pieces.
– For full-section test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified outside diameter and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
– For strip test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified width of the test piece and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
U is the specified minimum tensile strength, expressed in megapascals (pounds per square inch)

- Mechanical Properties for API 5L X52 PSL-2 Pipe

Pipe Grade

Tensile Properties – Pipe Body of SMLS and Welded Pipes PSL 2

Seam of Welded Pipe

Yield Strength a

Tensile Strength a

Ratio a, c

Elongation

Tensile Strength d

Rt0,5  PSI Min

Rm  PSI Min

R10,5IRm

(in 2in)

Rm (psi)

Af %

Minimum

Maximum

Minimum

Maximum

Maximum

Minimum

Minimum

X52N, X52Q, X52M

52,200

76,900

66,700

110,200

0.93

f

66,700

a. For intermediate grade, refer to the full API5L specification.
b. for grades > X90 refers to the full API5L specification.
c. This limit applies for pies with D> 12.750 in
d. For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body using foot a.
e. for pipe requiring longitudinal testing, the maximum yield strength shall be ≤ 71,800 psi
f. The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be determined using the following equation:
Where C is 1 940 for calculation using Si units and 625 000 for calculation using USC units
Axc   is the applicable tensile test piece cross-sectional area, expressed in square millimeters (square inches), as follows
– For circular cross-section test pieces, 130mm2 (0.20 in2) for 12.7 mm (0.500 in) and 8.9 mm (.350 in) diameter test pieces; and 65 mm2 (0.10 in2) for 6.4 mm (0.250in) diameter test pieces.
–  For full-section test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified outside diameter and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
–  For strip test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified width of the test piece and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
   U is the specified minimum tensile strength, expressed in megapascals (pounds per square inch
g. Lower values fo R10,5IRm may be specified by agreement
h. for grades > x90 refers to the full API5L specification.

Dimensions and Sizes of API 5L X52 Line Pipe

NPS

O. D.

Nominal Wall Thickness

 

DN

Inch

mm

SCH5S

SCH10S

SCH10

SCH20

SCH30

SCH40

SCH60

SCH80

SCH100

SCH120

SCH140

SCH160

STD

XS

XXS

 

50

2″

60.3

1.65

2.77

3.91

5.54

8.74

3.91

5.54

11.07

 

65

2 1/2″

73

2.11

3.05

5.16

7.01

9.53

5.16

7.01

14.02

 

80

3″

88.9

2.11

3.05

5.49

7.62

11.13

5.49

7.52

15.24

 

90

3 1/2″

101.6

2.11

3.05

5.74

8.08

5.74

8.08

 

100

4″

114.3

2.11

3.05

6.02

8.58

11.13

13.49

6.02

8.56

17.12

 

125

5″

141.3

2.77

3.4

6.55

9.53

12.7

15.88

6.55

9.53

18.05

 

150

6″

168.3

2.77

3.4

7.11

10.97

14.27

18.26

7.11

10.97

21.95

 

200

8″

219.1

2.77

3.76

6.35

7.04

8.18

10.31

12.7

15.09

18.26

20.62

23.01

8.18

12.7

22.23

 

250

10″

273.1

3.4

4.19

6.35

7.8

9.27

12.7

15.09

18.26

21.44

25.4

28.58

9.27

12.7

25.4

 

300

12″

323.9

3.96

4.57

6.35

8.38

10.31

14.27

17.48

21.44

25.4

28.58

33.32

9.53

12.7

25.4

 

350

14″

355.5

3.96

4.78

6.35

7.92

9.53

11.13

15.09

19.05

23.83

27.79

31.75

35.71

9.53

12.7

 

400

16″

406.4

4.19

4.78

6.35

7.92

9.53

12.7

16.66

21.44

26.19

30.96

36.53

40.49

9.53

12.7

 

450

18″

457.2

4.19

4.78

6.35

7.92

11.13

14.27

19.05

23.83

39.36

34.93

39.67

45.24

 

500

20″

508

4.78

5.54

6.35

9.53

12.7

15.09

20.62

26.19

32.54

38.1

44.45

50.01

 

550

22″

558.8

4.78

5.54

6.35

9.53

12.7

22.23

28.58

34.93

41.28

47.63

53.98

 

600

24″

609.6

5.54

6.35

6.35

9.53

14.27

17.48

24.61

30.96

38.89

46.02

52.37

59.54

 

API 5L X52 Pipe Tolerance

O.D. Tolerance

W.T. Tolerance

X52

D < 60.3mm

+0.41/-0.40mm

D < 73mm

+15%/-12.5%

D ≥ 60.3m

+0.75/-0.40mm

D ≥ 73mm

+15%/-12.5%

API 5L X52 Pipe Packing and Shipping

API 5L X52 Pipe, both seamless and welded, is either loose or in bundles that are fastened with iron strips. Special packaging: Metal or wooden cases, pallets, and so on. Plastic caps, bundles up to 2.000 kg with several steel strips, Two tags on each bundle, Wrapped in waterproof paper, PVC sleeve, and sackcloth with several steel strips, Plastic caps.

Both sides of each container will include the order number, heat number, dimensions, weight, bundles or other information as specified. We can also provide customized packaging for API 5L X52 Pipe based on the needs of the customer.

Export packaging is designed to protect, handle, and transport API 5L X52 Pipe via air or sea freight, and as such, it has many features with export and transport packing. Extreme care must also be made to ensure that foreign packing is acceptable for long-term storage. It is critical that overseas packaging be constructed with ease of handling in mind to guarantee API 5L X52 Pipe is handled with the highest care at all times.

Delivery Condition of API 5L X52

PSL

Delivery Condition

Pipe grade

PSL1

As-rolled, normalizing rolled, thermomechanical rolled, thermo-mechanical formed, normalizing formed, normalized, normalized, and tempered

X42, X46, X52, X56, X60, X65, X70

PSL2

Normalizing rolled, normalizing formed, normalized or normalized, and tempered

BN, X42N, X46N, X52N, X56N, X60N

Test and inspection of API 5L X52 Line pipes

- Hydrostatic Test

The pipe must be able to survive a hydrostatic test without leaking through the weld seam or the pipe body. Jointers do not need to be hydrostatically tested if the pipe sections utilized have been successfully tested.

- Bend Test

There shall be no cracks in any part of the test piece, nor shall there be any opening of the weld.

- Flattening Test

The flattening test method is used to evaluate and exhibit the deformation performance of line pipe to the prescribed size. The flattening test will reveal the pipe’s resistance to longitudinal and circumferential cracking, as well as its internal and surface faults, based on the stress and deformation characteristics of the specimen during the flattening procedure.

- CVN Impact Test for PSL-2

CVN is required for several PSL2 pipe diameters and grades. The body will be inspected for seamless pipe. The welded pipe must be examined in three areas: the body, the pipe weld, and the heat-affected zone. The chart of sizes and grades, as well as the required absorbed energy values, may be found in the full API 5L specification.

- DWT Test for PSL-2 Welded Pipe

The average shear fracture area for each test (of a set of two test pieces) shall be 85 percent, based on a test temperature of 0°C (32°F) or if accepted, a lower test temperature. For wall thicknesses greater than 25.4mm (1.000 in. ), DWT test acceptance standards must be agreed upon.

NOTE1: At or above the test temperature, such shear-fracture area assures a suitably ductile fracture.

NOTE2: In gas pipelines, an appropriate combination of shear-fracture area and CVN absorbed energy is an essential pipe-body feature for avoiding brittle fracture propagation and controlling ductile fracture propagation (see Annex G and Table20).

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