API 5L X70

API 5L X70

API 5L X70 pipe is a premium-grade pipeline material that meets API 5L standard standards for strength and durability. L485 pipe is so named because it has a yield strength of 485 Mpa at its lowest point (70,300 psi). Oil and gas transmissions are covered by API 5L X70 in both seamless and welded (ERW, SAW) forms, with both being used for oil and gas transmissions.

API 5L X70 steel pipe has a minimum yield strength of 70,300 psi (485 Mpa), which is equivalent to 485 Mpa. Every X70 steel pipe on the market today is made of regulated micro-alloyed carbon-manganese steel. The micro-alloy elements are mostly Nb, V, and Ti, and the overall content of micro-alloys does not exceed 0.15 percent of the total weight of the material. In order to do this, the pipe is constructed of acicular ferrite and bainite, and it typically exhibits excellent welding properties as a result.

PRODUCT FEATURES

Application of API 5L X70 Line Pipe

In the oil, gas, and petroleum sectors, API 5L X70 Welded Pipes are often used. Useful for transporting gas, steam, and fluids including water and oil from offshore to refineries, API 5L X70 Pipe is an excellent choice. An array of industries employ API 5L X70 pipe including heating, chemical processing, water supply systems, pipe fitting, and paper and pulp mills.

API 5L X70 Pipe Chemical Composition

- Chemical Composition for API 5L X70 PSL 1 pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

Steel Grade

Mass fraction, % based on heat and product analyses a,g

C

Mn

P

S

V

Nb

Ti

max b

max b

max

max

max

max

max

Welded Pipe

X70

0.26e

1.65e

0.3

0.3

f

f

f

a. Cu ≤ = 0.50% Ni; ≤ 0.50%; Cr ≤ 0.50%; and Mo ≤ 0.15%,
b. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum concentration for Mn is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades ≥ L245 or B, but ≤ L360 or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52, but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade L485 or X70.,
c. Unless otherwise agreed NB + V ≤ 0.06%,
d. Nb + V + TI ≤ 0.15%,
e. Unless otherwise agreed.,
f. Unless otherwise agreed, NB + V = Ti ≤ 0.15%,
g. No deliberate addition of B is permitted and the residual B ≤ 0.001%

- Chemical Composition for API 5L X70 PSL 2 Pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

Steel Grade

Mass fraction, % based on heat and product analyses

Carbon Equiv a

C

Si

Mn

P

S

V

Nb

Ti

Other

CE IIW

CE Pcm

max b

max

max b

max

max

max

max

max

max

max

Welded Pipe

X70M

0.12f

0.45f

1.70f

0.025

0.015

g

g

g

h,l

0.43

0.25

a. SMLS t>0.787”, CE limits shall be as agreed. The CEIIW limits applied if C > 0.12% and the CEPcm limits apply if C ≤ 0.12%,
b. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for C, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for Mn is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades ≥ L245 or B, but ≤ L360 or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52, but < L485 or X70; up to a maximum of 2.00% for grades ≥ L485 or X70, but ≤ L555 or X80, and up to a maximum of 2.20% for grades > L555 or X80.,
c. Unless otherwise agreed Nb = V ≤ 0.06%,
d. Nb = V = Ti ≤ 0.15%,
e. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50%; Ni ≤ 0.30% Cr ≤ 0.30% and Mo ≤ 0.15%,
f. Unless otherwise agreed,
g. Unless otherwise agreed, Nb + V + Ti ≤ 0.15%,
h. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 0.50% Cr ≤ 0.50% and MO ≤ 0.50%,
i. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 1.00% Cr ≤ 0.50% and MO ≤ 0.50%,
j. B ≤ 0.004%,
k. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 1.00% Cr ≤ 0.55%, and MO ≤ 0.80%,
l. For all PSL 2 pipe grades except those grades with footnotes j noted, the following applies. Unless otherwise agreed no intentional addition of B is permitted and residual B ≤ 0.001%.

API 5L X70 Pipe Mechanical Properties

- Mechanical Properties for API 5L X70 PSL-1 Pipe

Pipe Grade

Tensile Properties – Pipe Body of SMLS and Welded Pipes PSL 1

Seam of Welded Pipe

Yield Strength a

Tensile Strength a

Elongation

Tensile Strength b

Rt0,5 PSI Min

Rm PSI Min

(in 2in Af % min)

Rm PSI Min

X70

70,300

82,700

c

82,700

a. For intermediate grade, the difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield for the pipe body shall be as given for the next higher grade.
b. For the intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld seam shall be the same as determined for the body using footnote a.
c. The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be determined using the following equation:
Where C is 1 940 for calculation using Si units and 625 000 for calculation using USC units
Axc   is the applicable tensile test piece cross-sectional area, expressed in square millimeters (square inches), as follows
– For circular cross-section test pieces, 130mm2 (0.20 in2) for 12.7 mm (0.500 in) and 8.9 mm (.350 in) diameter test pieces; and 65 mm2 (0.10 in2) for 6.4 mm (0.250in) diameter test pieces.
– For full-section test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified outside diameter and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
– For strip test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified width of the test piece and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
U is the specified minimum tensile strength, expressed in megapascals (pounds per square inch)

- Mechanical Properties for API 5L X70 PSL-2 Pipe

Pipe Grade

Tensile Properties – Pipe Body of SMLS and Welded Pipes PSL 2

Seam of Welded Pipe

Yield Strength a

Tensile Strength a

Ratio a, c

Elongation

Tensile Strength d

Rt0,5  PSI Min

Rm  PSI Min

R10,5IRm

(in 2in)

Rm (psi)

Af %

Minimum

Maximum

Minimum

Maximum

Maximum

Minimum

Minimum

X70Q, X70M

70,300

92,100

82,700

110,200

0.93

f

82,700

a. For intermediate grade, refer to the full API5L specification.
b. for grades > X90 refers to the full API5L specification.
c. This limit applies for pies with D> 12.750 in
d. For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body using foot a.
e. for pipe requiring longitudinal testing, the maximum yield strength shall be ≤ 71,800 psi
f. The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be determined using the following equation:
Where C is 1 940 for calculation using Si units and 625 000 for calculation using USC units
Axc   is the applicable tensile test piece cross-sectional area, expressed in square millimeters (square inches), as follows
– For circular cross-section test pieces, 130mm2 (0.20 in2) for 12.7 mm (0.500 in) and 8.9 mm (.350 in) diameter test pieces; and 65 mm2 (0.10 in2) for 6.4 mm (0.250in) diameter test pieces.
–  For full-section test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified outside diameter and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
–  For strip test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified width of the test piece and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
   U is the specified minimum tensile strength, expressed in megapascals (pounds per square inch
g. Lower values fo R10,5IRm may be specified by agreement
h. for grades > x90 refers to the full API5L specification.

Dimensions and Sizes of API 5L X70 Line Pipe

NPS

O. D.

Nominal Wall Thickness

 

DN

Inch

mm

SCH5S

SCH10S

SCH10

SCH20

SCH30

SCH40

SCH60

SCH80

SCH100

SCH120

SCH140

SCH160

STD

XS

XXS

 

50

2″

60.3

1.65

2.77

3.91

5.54

8.74

3.91

5.54

11.07

 

65

2 1/2″

73

2.11

3.05

5.16

7.01

9.53

5.16

7.01

14.02

 

80

3″

88.9

2.11

3.05

5.49

7.62

11.13

5.49

7.52

15.24

 

90

3 1/2″

101.6

2.11

3.05

5.74

8.08

5.74

8.08

 

100

4″

114.3

2.11

3.05

6.02

8.58

11.13

13.49

6.02

8.56

17.12

 

125

5″

141.3

2.77

3.4

6.55

9.53

12.7

15.88

6.55

9.53

18.05

 

150

6″

168.3

2.77

3.4

7.11

10.97

14.27

18.26

7.11

10.97

21.95

 

200

8″

219.1

2.77

3.76

6.35

7.04

8.18

10.31

12.7

15.09

18.26

20.62

23.01

8.18

12.7

22.23

 

250

10″

273.1

3.4

4.19

6.35

7.8

9.27

12.7

15.09

18.26

21.44

25.4

28.58

9.27

12.7

25.4

 

300

12″

323.9

3.96

4.57

6.35

8.38

10.31

14.27

17.48

21.44

25.4

28.58

33.32

9.53

12.7

25.4

 

350

14″

355.5

3.96

4.78

6.35

7.92

9.53

11.13

15.09

19.05

23.83

27.79

31.75

35.71

9.53

12.7

 

400

16″

406.4

4.19

4.78

6.35

7.92

9.53

12.7

16.66

21.44

26.19

30.96

36.53

40.49

9.53

12.7

 

450

18″

457.2

4.19

4.78

6.35

7.92

11.13

14.27

19.05

23.83

39.36

34.93

39.67

45.24

 

500

20″

508

4.78

5.54

6.35

9.53

12.7

15.09

20.62

26.19

32.54

38.1

44.45

50.01

 

550

22″

558.8

4.78

5.54

6.35

9.53

12.7

22.23

28.58

34.93

41.28

47.63

53.98

 

600

24″

609.6

5.54

6.35

6.35

9.53

14.27

17.48

24.61

30.96

38.89

46.02

52.37

59.54

 

API 5L X70 Pipe Tolerance

O.D. Tolerance

W.T. Tolerance

X70

D < 60.3mm

+0.41/-0.40mm

D < 73mm

+15%/-12.5%

D ≥ 60.3m

+0.75/-0.40mm

D ≥ 73mm

+15%/-12.5%

Test and inspection of API 5L X70 Line pipes

- Hydrostatic Test

The pipe must be able to survive a hydrostatic test without leaking through the weld seam or the pipe body. Jointers do not need to be hydrostatically tested if the pipe sections utilized have been successfully tested.

- Bend Test

There shall be no cracks in any part of the test piece, nor shall there be any opening of the weld.

- Flattening Test

The flattening test method is used to evaluate and exhibit the deformation performance of line pipe to the prescribed size. The flattening test will reveal the pipe’s resistance to longitudinal and circumferential cracking, as well as its internal and surface faults, based on the stress and deformation characteristics of the specimen during the flattening procedure.

- CVN Impact Test for PSL-2

CVN is required for several PSL2 pipe diameters and grades. The body will be inspected for seamless pipe. The welded pipe must be examined in three areas: the body, the pipe weld, and the heat-affected zone. The chart of sizes and grades, as well as the required absorbed energy values, may be found in the full API 5L specification.

- DWT Test for PSL-2 Welded Pipe

The average shear fracture area for each test (of a set of two test pieces) shall be 85 percent, based on a test temperature of 0°C (32°F) or if accepted, a lower test temperature. For wall thicknesses greater than 25.4mm (1.000 in. ), DWT test acceptance standards must be agreed upon.

NOTE1: At or above the test temperature, such shear-fracture area assures a suitably ductile fracture.

NOTE2: In gas pipelines, an appropriate combination of shear-fracture area and CVN absorbed energy is an essential pipe-body feature for avoiding brittle fracture propagation and controlling ductile fracture propagation (see Annex G and Table20).

Reasons of Choosing API 5L X70

Aspects of X70 carbon steel pipe or API 5L L485Q steel pipe that is well-known include durability, toughness, dependability, and security. PSL1 and PSL2 carbon steel pipes are available from API 5L X70 PSL1 carbon steel pipe suppliers. API 5L X70 PSL2 steel pipe is non-combustible. As well as being corrosion resistant even under extreme weather circumstances, X70 Line Pipe is also well-suited for use in sour service due to its strong corrosion resistance. API 5L grade x70 PSL2 pipes may be utilized as fluid pipes, water pipes, Line pipes, construction steel tubes, and piling tubes in a variety of sectors including textile, dairy, oil, and gas, petrochemical, sugar and paper, chemical and fertilizers, engineering and power generation.

Square cut, beveled, couplers, or threaded ends are used to complete the ends of the API 5L X70 PSL 1 pipe. Steel Pipe Grade X70 connections for the ends may be plain, screwed, threaded, or beveled according to the application. API 5L gr x70 pipes are available in a variety of configurations, including welded, CWD, ERW, fabricated, and seamless. API 5L X70 ERW Pipe is available in a variety of shapes and sizes, including Hydraulic Tube, Round, Square, ‘U’ Shape, Rectangle, pancake Coil, and coiled.

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