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API 5L X70

API-5L-X70-LINE-PIPE

API 5L X70

API 5L X70 line pipe is a type of steel pipe that is commonly used in the petroleum and oil and gas industries. This type of pipe is mostly used to transport fluids, including crude oil, natural gas, and petroleum products, from one site to another. This sort of pipe is often constructed from high-strength steel, which enables it to survive the high pressures and temperatures that are common in these industries. In addition, API 5L X80 line pipe is typically coated with a layer of corrosion-resistant material, such as FBE, 3LPE, or 3LPP, to protect it from the harsh environment in which it is used.

The American Petroleum Institute‘s API 5L specification is for line pipes that are used in pipelines to transport oil, natural gas, and water. The specification covers both welded and seamless pipe and includes several grades that are suitable for different applications. Grade B pipes are the most common type of pipe used in pipelines, and are suitable for transporting fluids at moderate temperatures. Grade X pipes are higher-strength pipes that can be used in harsher environments, such as high-pressure or high-temperature applications. In addition to the various grades of pipe, the API 5L specification also includes requirements for testing, coating, and end preparation. These requirements ensure that pipes meet the necessary safety and performance standards for their intended purpose.

Why choose tuspipe?

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Since 1998, Tianjin United Steel Pipe Co., Ltd (TUSPIPE) has been committed to supplying high-quality line pipes.

With over 500,000 tons annual production capacity, the company serves various fields and industries, such as oil & gas exploitation and transmission, ship & auto-building, water & electricity, environmental protection, mechanical engineering, infrastructure construction and etc.

TUSPIPE places a premium on product quality and rigorous product quality control. In order to maintain good product quality,  the company has established a Test & Inspection Center since 2004. With a series of state-of-the-art tests and inspection equipment, the test & inspection center is able to perform the tensile tests, hydro tests, impact tests, DWTT, etc.

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Application of API 5L X70 Line Pipe

API 5L X70 line pipe is a type of pipeline steel used in the transportation of petroleum, oil and gas. It is also referred to as L485 pipeline steel. The minimum yield strength of this material is 485 Mpa. This makes it ideal for transporting petroleum, oil and gas over long distances. API 5L X70 line pipe is also known for its high tensile strength. This makes it ideal for use in applications where there is a need for superior strength and durability. This type of pipeline steel is also resistant to corrosion, making it ideal for use in environments where there is a risk of corrosion.

API 5L X70 Pipe Chemical Composition

- Chemical Composition for API 5L X70 PSL 1 pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

Steel GradeMass fraction, % based on heat and product analyses a,g
CMnPSVNbTi
max bmax bmaxmaxmaxmaxmax
Welded Pipe
X700.26e1.65e0.30.3fff

a. Cu ≤ = 0.50% Ni; ≤ 0.50%; Cr ≤ 0.50%; and Mo ≤ 0.15%,
b. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum concentration for carbon, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum concentration for Mn is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades ≥ L245 or B, but ≤ L360 or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52, but < L485 or X70; and up to a maximum of 2.00% for grade L485 or X70.,
c. Unless otherwise agreed NB + V ≤ 0.06%,
d. Nb + V + TI ≤ 0.15%,
e. Unless otherwise agreed.,
f. Unless otherwise agreed, NB + V = Ti ≤ 0.15%,
g. No deliberate addition of B is permitted and the residual B ≤ 0.001%

- Chemical Composition for API 5L X70 PSL 2 Pipe with t ≤ 0.984”

Steel GradeMass fraction, % based on heat and product analysesCarbon Equiv a
CSiMnPSVNbTiOtherCE IIWCE Pcm
max bmaxmax bmaxmaxmaxmaxmaxmaxmax
Welded Pipe
X70M0.12f0.45f1.70f0.0250.015gggh,l0.430.25

a. SMLS t>0.787”, CE limits shall be as agreed. The CEIIW limits applied if C > 0.12% and the CEPcm limits apply if C ≤ 0.12%,
b. For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified maximum for C, an increase of 0.05% above the specified maximum for Mn is permissible, up to a maximum of 1.65% for grades ≥ L245 or B, but ≤ L360 or X52; up to a maximum of 1.75% for grades > L360 or X52, but < L485 or X70; up to a maximum of 2.00% for grades ≥ L485 or X70, but ≤ L555 or X80, and up to a maximum of 2.20% for grades > L555 or X80.,
c. Unless otherwise agreed Nb = V ≤ 0.06%,
d. Nb = V = Ti ≤ 0.15%,
e. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50%; Ni ≤ 0.30% Cr ≤ 0.30% and Mo ≤ 0.15%,
f. Unless otherwise agreed,
g. Unless otherwise agreed, Nb + V + Ti ≤ 0.15%,
h. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 0.50% Cr ≤ 0.50% and MO ≤ 0.50%,
i. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 1.00% Cr ≤ 0.50% and MO ≤ 0.50%,
j. B ≤ 0.004%,
k. Unless otherwise agreed, Cu ≤ 0.50% Ni ≤ 1.00% Cr ≤ 0.55%, and MO ≤ 0.80%,
l. For all PSL 2 pipe grades except those grades with footnotes j noted, the following applies. Unless otherwise agreed no intentional addition of B is permitted and residual B ≤ 0.001%.

API 5L X70 Pipe Mechanical Properties

- Mechanical Properties for API 5L X70 PSL-1 Pipe

Pipe GradeTensile Properties – Pipe Body of SMLS and Welded Pipes PSL 1Seam of Welded Pipe
Yield Strength aTensile Strength aElongationTensile Strength b
Rt0,5 PSI MinRm PSI Min(in 2in Af % min)Rm PSI Min
X7070,30082,700c82,700
a. For intermediate grade, the difference between the specified minimum tensile strength and the specified minimum yield for the pipe body shall be as given for the next higher grade.
b. For the intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld seam shall be the same as determined for the body using footnote a.
c. The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be determined using the following equation:
equation-formula
Where C is 1 940 for calculation using Si units and 625 000 for calculation using USC units
Axc   is the applicable tensile test piece cross-sectional area, expressed in square millimeters (square inches), as follows
– For circular cross-section test pieces, 130mm2 (0.20 in2) for 12.7 mm (0.500 in) and 8.9 mm (.350 in) diameter test pieces; and 65 mm2 (0.10 in2) for 6.4 mm (0.250in) diameter test pieces.
– For full-section test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified outside diameter and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
– For strip test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified width of the test piece and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
U is the specified minimum tensile strength, expressed in megapascals (pounds per square inch)

- Mechanical Properties for API 5L X70 PSL-2 Pipe

Pipe GradeTensile Properties – Pipe Body of SMLS and Welded Pipes PSL 2Seam of Welded Pipe
Yield Strength aTensile Strength aRatio a, cElongationTensile Strength d
Rt0,5  PSI MinRm  PSI MinR10,5IRm(in 2in)Rm (psi)
Af %
MinimumMaximumMinimumMaximumMaximumMinimumMinimum
X70Q, X70M70,30092,10082,700110,2000.93f82,700
a. For intermediate grade, refer to the full API5L specification.
b. for grades > X90 refers to the full API5L specification.
c. This limit applies for pies with D> 12.750 in
d. For intermediate grades, the specified minimum tensile strength for the weld seam shall be the same value as was determined for the pipe body using foot a.
e. for pipe requiring longitudinal testing, the maximum yield strength shall be ≤ 71,800 psi
f. The specified minimum elongation, Af, expressed in percent and rounded to the nearest percent, shall be determined using the following equation:
equation-formula
Where C is 1 940 for calculation using Si units and 625 000 for calculation using USC units
Axc   is the applicable tensile test piece cross-sectional area, expressed in square millimeters (square inches), as follows
– For circular cross-section test pieces, 130mm2 (0.20 in2) for 12.7 mm (0.500 in) and 8.9 mm (.350 in) diameter test pieces; and 65 mm2 (0.10 in2) for 6.4 mm (0.250in) diameter test pieces.
–  For full-section test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified outside diameter and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
–  For strip test pieces, the lesser of a) 485 mm2 (0.75 in2) and b) the cross-sectional area of the test piece, derived using the specified width of the test piece and the specified wall thickness of the pipe, rounded to the nearest 10 mm2 (0.10in2)
   U is the specified minimum tensile strength, expressed in megapascals (pounds per square inch
g. Lower values fo R10,5IRm may be specified by agreement
h. for grades > x90 refers to the full API5L specification.

Dimensions and Sizes of API 5L X70 Line Pipe

When selecting an API 5L X70 pipe, it is important to check the diameter and size of the pipe to ensure it meets the required standards. The dimensions and masses of API 5L pipes are specified in ISO 4200 and ASME B36.10M. These standards provide guidelines for different size pipes and specify the wall thickness of each size. To check if a particular pipe meets the required standards, refer to these tables. Doing so will help ensure that the pipe is the right size and has the correct wall thickness. By following these steps, you can be sure that you are selecting a high-quality API 5L pipe that will meet your needs.

API-5L-LINE-PIPE-ASME-B36.10M-SIZE-CHART

API 5L X70 Pipe Tolerance

O.D. ToleranceW.T. Tolerance
X70
D < 60.3mm+0.41/-0.40mmD < 73mm+15%/-12.5%
D ≥ 60.3m+0.75/-0.40mmD ≥ 73mm+15%/-12.5%

Test and inspection of API 5L X70 Line pipes

- Hydrostatic Test

Hydrostatic testing is a commonly used method for testing pressure vessels, piping, and other equipment. The test involves filling the water vessel with water and pressurizing it to a specified level. The water is then held at that pressure for a period of time before being released. The entire process is typically repeated several times. Hydrostatic testing is an important step in the production of API 5L line pipe because it helps to ensure the pipe body and weld seam are watertight. A leak during hydrostatic testing can indicate a flaw in the pipe that could cause problems down the line. As a result, hydrostatic testing is an essential part of quality control for API 5L line pipe production.

- Bend Test

The bending test during API 5L line pipe production is a crucial quality assurance step that helps to ensure the safety of the final product. During the test, a sample of the steel pipe is bent to a specified degree and then examined for cracks. This helps to ensure that the pipe will be able to withstand the same degree of bending during normal use. The test also helps to identify potential weld problems that could lead to failure. As a result, the bending test is an essential part of ensuring the quality of the API 5L line pipe.

- Flattening Test

Flattening tests are conducted during the production of API 5L line pipe to ensure that the steel pipe does not crack and that the weld is not deformed. The test is conducted by taking a sample of the steel pipe and subjecting it to a longitudinal and circumferential load. The deformation of the pipe is monitored during the test, and the results are used to assess the strength of the pipe. The flattening test is an important quality control measure that helps to ensure the safety and reliability of the API 5L line pipe.

- CVN Impact Test

The impact test is one of the important subjects during API 5L line pipe production. It mainly focuses on three test areas: pipe body, weld seam, and heat-affected zone. The Charpy impact test, drop-weight tear test, and CERT are commonly used in assessing the impact properties of line pipe steels. The results show that the impact toughness of HFW pipe is much higher than that of SAW pipe in all three zones. It also indicates that the transition temperature is a critical parameter to control the Charpy impact properties of line pipe steels. quenched and tempered (Q&T) process is a promising heat treatment to improve the impact properties of line pipe steels. The Q&T process not only can improve the toughness of base metal but also can refine the grains of weld metal and heat-affected zone, which leads to a significant increase in the impact toughness of line pipe steel. Therefore, the Q&T process should be considered as a potential option to improve the impact performance of API 5L line pipe steels.

Reasons of Choosing API 5L X70

Aspects of X70 carbon steel pipe or API 5L L485Q steel pipe that is well-known include durability, toughness, dependability, and security. PSL1 and PSL2 carbon steel pipes are available from API 5L X70 PSL1 carbon steel pipe suppliers. API 5L X70 PSL2 steel pipe is non-combustible. As well as being corrosion resistant even under extreme weather circumstances, X70 Line Pipe is also well-suited for use in sour service due to its strong corrosion resistance. API 5L grade x70 PSL2 pipes may be utilized as fluid pipes, water pipes, Line pipes, construction steel tubes, and piling tubes in a variety of sectors including textile, dairy, oil, and gas, petrochemical, sugar and paper, chemical and fertilizers, engineering and power generation.

Square cut, beveled, couplers, or threaded ends are used to complete the ends of the API 5L X70 PSL 1 pipe. Steel Pipe Grade X70 connections for the ends may be plain, screwed, threaded, or beveled according to the application. API 5L gr x70 pipes are available in a variety of configurations, including welded, CWD, ERW, fabricated, and seamless. API 5L X70 ERW Pipe is available in a variety of shapes and sizes, including Hydraulic Tube, Round, Square, ‘U’ Shape, Rectangle, pancake Coil, and coiled.

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