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Hollow Section

The term “Hollow Section” (HSS: Hollow Structural Section) refers to a type of metal profile with a hollow tubular cross-section. The term is used predominantly in the United States, or other countries which follow US construction or engineering terminology. These sections are also sometimes called tube steel or structural tubing. They are usually made of metal, though other materials such as plastic or fiberglass are sometimes used. The most common metals used for making hollow sections are carbon steel (CS), stainless steel (SS), aluminum (Al), and copper (Cu). Alloys such as titanium, zirconium, etc. can also be used to make hollow sections.
Hollow sections are important for their use in the construction industry because they offer many benefits. For example, they have a high strength-to-weight ratio which makes them ideal for use in load-bearing applications. They are also very stiff and resistant to torsional forces, making them ideal for use in columns and beams. In addition, hollow sections offer good resistance to impact and abrasion, making them suitable for use in structural applications where there is a risk of impact or abrasion. Finally, hollow sections have a very high resistance to corrosion and are therefore often used in corrosive environments such as offshore oil

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Since 1998, Tianjin United Steel Pipe Co., Ltd (TUSPIPE) has been committed to supplying high-quality line pipes.

With over 500,000 tons annual production capacity, the company serves various fields and industries, such as oil & gas exploitation and transmission, ship & auto-building, water & electricity, environmental protection, mechanical engineering, infrastructure construction and etc.

TUSPIPE places a premium on product quality and rigorous product quality control. In order to maintain good product quality,  the company has established a Test & Inspection Center since 2004. With a series of state-of-the-art tests and inspection equipment, the test & inspection center is able to perform the tensile tests, hydro tests, impact tests, DWTT, etc.

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Types of Hollow Section

Hollow Section is available in a variety of shapes, including round, rectangular, and square.

The first type of hollow section was circular steel sections (CHS). Frequently used in a variety of structural, mechanical, and construction applications.

CHS is a popular architectural choice for aesthetic appearances in a variety of applications.

Rectangular hollow sections (RHS) are a frequently used material in mechanical, structural, and construction applications. This is because the flat surface of the hollow section results in a more economical structural solution for joining and various other types of fabrication work.

Square hollow section (SHS) is another popular type of structural hollow section that falls somewhere between RHS and CHS in terms of characteristics, appearance, and structural behavior.

SHS has a flat surface that makes joining and welding easier.

Dimension and Sizes of Hollow Sections

- Specification & Size of Circular Hollow Sections (CHS)

DNO. D.W. T.
InchmmSCH5SSCH10SSCH10SCH20SCH30SCH40SCH60SCH80SCH100SCH120SCH140SCH160STDXSXXS
502″60.31.652.773.915.548.743.915.5411.07
652 1/2″732.113.055.167.019.535.167.0114.02
803″88.92.113.055.497.6211.135.497.5215.24
903 1/2″101.62.113.055.748.085.748.08
1004″114.32.113.056.028.5811.1313.496.028.5617.12
1255″141.32.773.46.559.5312.715.886.559.5318.05
1506″168.32.773.47.1110.9714.2718.267.1110.9721.95
2008″219.12.773.766.357.048.1810.3112.715.0918.2620.6223.018.1812.722.23
25010″273.13.44.196.357.89.2712.715.0918.2621.4425.428.589.2712.725.4
30012″323.93.964.576.358.3810.3114.2717.4821.4425.428.5833.329.5312.725.4
35014″355.53.964.786.357.929.5311.1315.0919.0523.8327.7931.7535.719.5312.7
40016″406.44.194.786.357.929.5312.716.6621.4426.1930.9636.5340.499.5312.7
45018″457.24.194.786.357.9211.1314.2719.0523.8339.3634.9339.6745.24
50020″5084.785.546.359.5312.715.0920.6226.1932.5438.144.4550.01
55022″558.84.785.546.359.5312.722.2328.5834.9341.2847.6353.98
60024″609.65.546.356.359.5314.2717.4824.6130.9638.8946.0252.3759.54

- Specification & Size of Rectangular Hollow Sections (RHS)

Rectangular Hollow Section SizesWeightHeightWidthW. T.
[kg/m][mm][mm][mm]
50 x 25 x 2.5 RHS2.750252.5
50 x 25 x 2.5 RHS2.750252.5
50 x 25 x 3 RHS3.250253
50 x 30 x 2.5 RHS2.950302.5
50 x 30 x 3 RHS3.450303
50 x 30 x 3.2 RHS3.650303.2
50 x 30 x 3.6 RHS450303.6
50 x 30 x 4 RHS4.450304
50 x 30 x 5 RHS5.350305
60 x 40 x 2.5 RHS3.760402.5
60 x 40 x 3 RHS4.460403
60 x 40 x 3.2 RHS4.660403.2
60 x 40 x 3.6 RHS5.160403.6
60 x 40 x 4 RHS5.660404
60 x 40 x 5 RHS6.960405
60 x 40 x 6 RHS860406
60 x 40 x 6.3 RHS8.360406.3
80 x 40 x 3 RHS5.380403
80 x 40 x 3.2 RHS5.680403.2
80 x 40 x 3.6 RHS6.380403.6
80 x 40 x 4 RHS6.980404
80 x 40 x 5 RHS8.480405
80 x 40 x 6 RHS9.980406
80 x 40 x 6.3 RHS10.380406.3
80 x 40 x 8 RHS12.580408
90 x 50 x 3 RHS6.290503
90 x 50 x 3.2 RHS6.690503.2
90 x 50 x 3.6 RHS7.490503.6
90 x 50 x 4 RHS8.290504
90 x 50 x 5 RHS1090505
90 x 50 x 6 RHS11.890506
90 x 50 x 6.3 RHS12.390506.3
90 x 50 x 8 RHS1590508
100 x 50 x 3 RHS6.7100503
100 x 50 x 3.2 RHS7.1100503.2
100 x 50 x 3.6 RHS8100503.6
100 x 50 x 4 RHS8.8100504
100 x 50 x 5 RHS10.8100505
100 x 50 x 6 RHS12.7100506
100 x 50 x 6.3 RHS13.3100506.3
100 x 50 x 8 RHS16.3100508
100 x 60 x 3 RHS7.2100603
100 x 60 x 3.2 RHS7.6100603.2
100 x 60 x 3.6 RHS8.5100603.6
100 x 60 x 4 RHS9.4100604
100 x 60 x 5 RHS11.6100605
100 x 60 x 6 RHS13.6100606
100 x 60 x 6.3 RHS14.2100606.3
100 x 60 x 8 RHS17.5100608
120 x 60 x 3.6 RHS9.7120603.6
120 x 60 x 4 RHS10.7120604
120 x 60 x 5 RHS13.1120605
120 x 60 x 6 RHS15.5120606
120 x 60 x 6.3 RHS16.2120606.3
120 x 60 x 8 RHS20.1120608
120 x 60 x 10 RHS24.61206010
120 x 80 x 3.6 RHS10.8120803.6
120 x 80 x 4 RHS11.9120804
120 x 80 x 5 RHS14.7120805
120 x 80 x 6 RHS17.4120806
120 x 80 x 6.3 RHS18.2120806.3
120 x 80 x 8 RHS22.6120808
120 x 80 x 10 RHS27.41208010
140 x 80 x 4 RHS13.2140804
140 x 80 x 5 RHS16.3140805
140 x 80 x 6 RHS19.3140806
140 x 80 x 6.3 RHS20.2140806.3
140 x 80 x 8 RHS25.1140808
140 x 80 x 10 RHS30.61408010
150 x 100 x 4 RHS15.11501004
150 x 100 x 5 RHS18.61501005
150 x 100 x 6 RHS22.11501006
150 x 100 x 6.3 RHS23.11501006.3
150 x 100 x 8 RHS28.91501008
150 x 100 x 10 RHS35.315010010
150 x 100 x 12 RHS41.415010012
150 x 100 x 12.5 RHS42.815010012.5
160 x 80 x 4 RHS14.4160804
160 x 80 x 5 RHS17.8160805
160 x 80 x 6 RHS21.2160806
160 x 80 x 6.3 RHS22.2160806.3
160 x 80 x 8 RHS27.6160808
160 x 80 x 10 RHS33.71608010
160 x 80 x 12 RHS39.51608012
160 x 80 x 12.5 RHS40.9|1608012.5
180 x 100 x 4 RHS16.91801004
180 x 100 x 5 RHS211801005
180 x 100 x 6 RHS24.91801006
180 x 100 x 6.3 RHS26.11801006.3
180 x 100 x 8 RHS32.61801008
180 x 100 x 10 RHS4018010010
180 x 100 x 12 RHS4718010012
180 x 100 x 12.5 RHS48.718010012.5
200 x 100 x 4 RHS18.12001004
200 x 100 x 5 RHS22.62001005
200 x 100 x 6 RHS26.82001006
200 x 100 x 6.3 RHS28.12001006.3
200 x 100 x 8 RHS35.12001008
200 x 100 x 10 RHS43.120010010
200 x 100 x 12 RHS50.820010012
200 x 100 x 12.5 RHS52.720010012.5
200 x 100 x 16 RHS65.220010016
200 x 120 x 6 RHS28.72001206
200 x 120 x 6.3 RHS29.92001206.3
200 x 120 x 8 RHS37.32001208
200 x 120 x 10 RHS45.920012010
200 x 120 x 12 RHS54.520012012
200 x 120 x 12.5 RHS55.720012012.5
250 x 150 x 5 RHS30.42501505
250 x 150 x 6 RHS36.22501506
250 x 150 x 6.3 RHS38|2501506.3
250 x 150 x 8 RHS47.72501508
250 x 150 x 10 RHS58.825015010
250 x 150 x 12 RHS69.625015012
250 x 150 x 12.5 RHS72.325015012.5
250 x 150 x 16 RHS90.325015016
260 x 180 x 6 RHS402601806
260 x 180 x 6.3 RHS41.92601806.3
260 x 180 x 8 RHS52.72601808
260 x 180 x 10 RHS65.126018010
260 x 180 x 12 RHS77.226018012
260 x 180 x 12.5 RHS80.126018012.5
260 x 180 x 16 RHS10026018016
300 x 200 x 5 RHS38.33002005
300 x 200 x 6 RHS45.73002006
300 x 200 x 6.3 RHS47.93002006.3
300 x 200 x 8 RHS60.33002008
300 x 200 x 10 RHS74.530020010
300 x 200 x 12 RHS88.530020012
300 x 200 x 12.5 RHS91.930020012.5
300 x 200 x 16 RHS11530020016
350 x 250 x 6 RHS55.13502506
350 x 250 x 6.3 RHS57.83502506.3
350 x 250 x 8 RHS72.83502508
350 x 250 x 10 RHS90.235025010
350 x 250 x 12 RHS107|35025012
350 x 250 x 12.5 RHS11235025012.5
350 x 250 x 16 RHS14135025016
400 x 200 x 6 RHS55.14002006
400 x 200 x 6.3 RHS57.84002006.3
400 x 200 x 8 RHS72.84002008
400 x 200 x 10 RHS90.240020010
400 x 200 x 12 RHS10740020012
400 x 200 x 12.5 RHS11240020012.5
400 x 200 x 16 RHS14140020016
450 x 250 x 8 RHS85.44502508
450 x 250 x 10 RHS10645025010
450 x 250 x 12 RHS12645025012
450 x 250 x 12.5 RHS13145025012.5
450 x 250 x 16 RHS16645025016
500 x 300 x 8 RHS97.95003008
500 x 300 x 10 RHS12250030010
500 x 300 x 12 RHS14550030012
500 x 300 x 12.5 RHS15150030012.5
500 x 300 x 16 RHS19150030016
500 x 300 x 20 RHS23550030020

- Specification & Size of Square Hollow Sections (SHS)

Square Hollow Section SizesWeightHeightWidthW. T.
[kg/m][mm][mm][mm]
20 x 20 x 2 SHS1.120202
20 x 20 x 2.5 SHS1.320202.5
25 x 25 x 2 SHS1425252
25 x 25 x 2.5 SHS1.725252.5
25 x 25 x 3 SHS225253
30 x 30 x 2 SHS1.730302
30 x 30 x 2.5 SHS2.130302.5
30 x 30 x 3 SHS2.530303
40 x 40 x 2.5 SHS2.940402.5
40 x 40 x 3 SHS3.440403
40 x 40 x 3.2 SHS3.640403.2
40 x 40 x 3.6 SHS440403.6
40 x 40 x 4 SHS4.440404
40 x 40 x 5 SHS5.340405
50 x 50 x 2.5 SHS3.750502.5
50 x 50 x 3 SHS4.450503
50 x 50 x 3.2 SHS4.650503.2
50 x 50 x 3.6 SHS5.150503.6
50 x 50 x 4 SHS5.650504
50 x 50 x 5 SHS6.950505
50 x 50 x 6 SHS850506
50 x 50 x 6.3 SHS8.350506.3
60 x 60 x 2.5 SHS4.560602.5
60 x 60 x 3 SHS5.360603
60 x 60 x 3.2 SHS5.660603.2
60 x 60 x 3.6 SHS6.360603.6
60 x 60 x 4 SHS6.960604
60 x 60 x 5 SHS8.460605
60 x 60 x 6 SHS9.960606
60 x 60 x 6.3 SHS10.360606.3
60 x 60 x 8 SHS12.560608
70 x 70 x 3 SHS6.270703
70 x 70 x 3.2 SHS6.670703.2
70 x 70 x 3.6 SHS7.470703.6
70 x 70 x 4 SHS8.270704
70 x 70 x 5 SHS1070705
70 x 70 x 6 SHS11.870706
70 x 70 x 6.3 SHS12.370706.3
70 x 70 x 8 SHS1570708
80 x 80 x 3 SHS7.280803
80 x 80 x 3.2 SHS7.680803.2
80 x 80 x 3.6 SHS8.580803.6
80 x 80 x 4 SHS9.480804
80 x 80 x 5 SHS11.680805
80 x 80 x 6 SHS13.680806
80 x 80 x 6.3 SHS14.280806.3
80 x 80 x 8 SHS17.880808
90 x 90 x 5 SHS13.190905
90 x 90 x 6 SHS15.590906
90 x 90 x 6.3 SHS16.290906.3
90 x 90 x 8 SHS20.190908
100 x 100 x 3.6 SHS10.81001003.6
100 x 100 x 4 SHS11.91001004
100 x 100 x 5 SHS14.71001005
100 x 100 x 6 SHS17.41001006
100 x 100 x 6.3 SHS18.21001006.3
100 x 100 x 8 SHS22.61001008
100 x 100 x 10 SHS27.410010010
120 x 120 x 4 SHS14.41201204
120 x 120 x 5 SHS181201205
120 x 120 x 6 SHS21.21201206
120 x 120 x 6.3 SHS22.21201206.3
120 x 120 x 8 SHS27.61201208
120 x 120 x 10 SHS33.712012010
120 x 120 x 12 SHS39.512012012
120 x 120 x 12.5 SHS40.912012012.5
140 x 140 x 5 SHS211401405
140 x 140 x 6 SHS24.91401406
140 x 140 x 6.3 SHS26.11401406.3
140 x 140 x 8 SHS32.61401408
140 x 140 x 10 SHS4014014010
140 x 140 x 12 SHS4714014012
140 x 140 x 12.5 SHS48.714014012.5
150 x 150 x 5 SHS22.61501505
150 x 150 x 6 SHS26.81501506
150 x 150 x 6.3 SHS28.11501506.3
150 x 150 x 8 SHS35.11501508
150 x 150 x 10 SHS43.115015010
150 x 150 x 12 SHS50.815015012
150 x 150 x 12.5 SHS52.715015012.5
150 x 150 x 16 SHS65.215015016
160 x 160 x 5 SHS24.11601605
160 x 160 x 6 SHS28.71601606
160 x 160 x 6.3 SHS30.11601606.3
160 x 160 x 8 SHS37.61601608
160 x 160 x 10 SHS46.316016010
160 x 160 x 12 SHS54.616016012
160 x 160 x 12.5 SHS56.616016012.5
160 x 160 x 16 SHS70.216016016
180 x 180 x 5 SHS27.31801805
180 x 180 x 6 SHS32.51801806
180 x 180 x 6.3 SHS341801806.3
180 x 180 x 8 SHS42.71801808
180 x 180 x 10 SHS52.518018010
180 x 180 x 12 SHS62.118018012
180 x 180 x 12.5 SHS64.418018012.5
180 x 180 x 16 SHS80.218018016
200 x 200 x 5 SHS30.42002005
200 x 200 x 6 SHS36.22002006
200 x 200 x 6.3 SHS382002006.3
200 x 200 x 8 SHS47.72002008
200 x 200 x 10 SHS58.820020010
200 x 200 x 12 SHS69.620020012
200 x 200 x 12.5 SHS72.320020012.5
200 x 200 x 16 SHS90.320020016
220 x 220 x 6 SHS402202206
220 x 220 x 6.3 SHS41.92202206.3
220 x 220 x 8 SHS52.72202208
220 x 220 x 10 SHS65.122022010
220 x 220 x 12 SHS77.222022012
220 x 220 x 12.5 SHS80.122022012.5
220 x 220 x 16 SHS10022022016
250 x 250 x 5 SHS38.32502505
250 x 250 x 6 SHS45.72502506
250 x 250 x 6.3 SHS47.92502506.3
250 x 250 x 8 SHS60.32502508
250 x 250 x 10 SHS74.525025010
250 x 250 x 12 SHS88.525025012
250 x 250 x 12.5 SHS91.925025012.5
250 x 250 x 16 SHS11525025016
260 x 260 x 6 SHS47.62602606
260 x 260 x 6.3 SHS49.92602606.3
260 x 260 x 8 SHS62.82602608
260 x 260 x 10 SHS77.726026010
260 x 260 x 12 SHS92.226026012
260 x 260 x 12.5 SHS95.826026012.5
260 x 260 x 16 SHS12026026016
300 x 300 x 6 SHS55.13003006
300 x 300 x 6.3 SHS57.83003006.3
300 x 300 x 8 SHS72.83003008
300 x 300 x 10 SHS90.230030010
300 x 300 x 12 SHS10730030012
300 x 300 x 12.5 SHS11230030012.5
300 x 300 x 16 SHS14130030016
350 x 350 x 8 SHS85.43503508
350 x 350 x 10 SHS10635035010
350 x 350 x 12 SHS12635035012
350 x 350 x 12.5 SHS13135035012.5
350 x 350 x 16 SHS16635035016
400 x 400 x 8 SHS97.94004008
400 x 400 x 10 SHS12240040010
400 x 400 x 12 SHS14540040012
400 x 400 x 12.5 SHS15140040012.5
400 x 400 x 16 SHS19140040016
400 x 400 x 20 SHS23540040020

Advantages of Using Hollow Section

When it comes to construction, there are a variety of materials that can be used for piping. However, hollow sections offer a number of advantages that make them a popular choice for many applications. One of the biggest advantages of using hollow sections is the cost savings. Because they are made from a variety of recycled materials, they are typically much less expensive than other types of pipes. Additionally, hollow sections are often easier to obtain than other types of pipes. They can be found at most hardware stores and home improvement centers. Finally, hollow sections are relatively simple to install. In many cases, they can be cut and fit without the need for professional help. As a result, they offer a great option for those who are looking to save money on their construction project.

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